BROWN BEEF STOCK
In classical French cooking, brown stock is made with veal bones for a delicate-bodied soup; here, beef is added for a deeper flavor. To make a traditional version, simply replace the beef with more veal bones. This recipe is from the "Martha Stewart's Cooking School" cookbook.
Provided by Martha Stewart
Yield Makes 3 1/2 quarts
Number Of Ingredients 13
- Heat oven to 400 degrees.
- Arrange bones and short ribs in a single layer in a large, heavy roasting pan. Drizzle with oil and turn to coat. Roast, turning once and stirring often for even browning, until beginning to brown, about 45 minutes. Remove from oven, add tomato paste, and stir to combine. Cook over medium heat for about 30 seconds (to let it brown a little, which cooks out some of the acidity and intensifies the sweetness), then add vegetables, stirring well. Return to oven and roast until vegetables are browned and tender and bones are deeply browned, about 40 minutes.
- Transfer bones and vegetables to a large stockpot, then spoon off fat from roasting pan and discard. Set the pan over two burners. Add water and bring to a boil, scraping up any brown bits from bottom with a wooden spoon. Boil until liquid is reduced by half, about 3 minutes. Pour contents of pan into the stockpot.
- Add enough water to stockpot to cover bones and vegetables by 2 inches (about 6 quarts). Bring to just under a boil, then reduce heat to a bare simmer (bubbles should just gently break at the surface). Add herbs and peppercorns and very gently simmer, uncovered, over low heat for 8 hours, adding more water as necessary to keep everything submerged.
- Carefully pour stock through a cheesecloth-lined sieve (do not press on solids) into a large heatproof bowl or another stockpot; discard solids. Stock will be dark brown. Skim off fat if using immediately or let cool completely (in an ice water bath, if desired) before transferring to airtight containers. Refrigerate at least 8 hours to allow the fat to accumulate at the top; lift off and discard fat before using or storing.
BROWN VEAL STOCK
- Preheat oven to 450 degrees F (204 C) and place a heavy roasting pan or 2 in the oven.
- When the pan is heated, add the oil and the veal bones tossing lightly to coat.
- Place the pan in the preheated oven and roast the bones stirring occasionally until just golden brown. Remove bones and set aside.
- In the same roasting pan, brown the onions and carrots. Continue to cook until the vegetables are golden brown. If the sucs at the bottom of the pan are browning too rapidly, add a little cold water to the pan.
- In a large sautoir or rondeau, heat some vegetable oil and sweat the leek greens and celery until they start to develop color. Add the tomato paste and continue to cook until the some more color develops.
- Pour off the fat from the roasting pan and deglaze the pan with a wooden spoon and some water. Pour these juices into the large stockpot. Do not use if the pan scrapings are too dark or you will have a burnt tasting stock.
- Place the bones and vegetables in the stock pot and cover with cold water. Bring up to a boil.
- Reduce to simmer and skim well.
- Add the tomatoes and garlic, and bouquet garni.
- Simmer low for 8-12 hours, skimming often and checking the activity of the water. Do not allow to boil, but try to keep the water moving through a low simmer. If too much evaporation occurs, add some cold water to the pot to cover the bones.
- Strain the stock carefully and cool in an ice bath skimming well. Refrigerate or freeze until ready to use.
Nutrition Facts : Calories 512, Fat 9.1, SaturatedFat 1.3, Sodium 1171.5, Carbohydrate 103.8, Fiber 21.9, Sugar 47, Protein 15.3
BROWN VEAL OR BEEF STOCK
Provided by Food Network
Yield about 3 quarts of stock
Number Of Ingredients 7
- Preheat the oven to 475 degrees. Roast the bones for 30 minutes or until well browned, add the onions, celery and carrots and roast for 30 minutes longer. Transfer bones and vegetables to a 1012 quart tall stockpot. Discard fat from roasting pan and deglaze with 2 cups of the water. Add this to the stock pot with remaining water, bouquet garni and tomato. Bring the liquid slowly to a boil, skimming often. Simmer for 4 5 hours, skimming occasionally and replenishing the water to keep the level of water somewhat constant.
- Strain and discard solids; let stock come to room temperature and chill. When chilled, discard surface fat. Bring back to a simmer and adjust for seasoning. If too weak for your taste, reduce, the season with salt.
- If you want to concentrate it, keep on reducing and transferring to a smaller pot until you have the consistency you want.
BROWN VEAL STOCK
- Preheat oven to 450°F and lightly oil 2 large shallow roasting pans.
- Remove meat from bones where possible and cut into 1-inch pieces. If using breast bones, cut apart. In roasting pans arrange bones and meat in one layer and roast in upper and lower thirds of oven, switching pans halfway through roasting, until bones are golden brown, 30 to 45 minutes.
- Into a 14-quart stockpot put bones, meat, and 8 quarts water. (Alternatively, divide bones, meat, and 8 quarts water between two 7- to 8-quart kettles.) Discard fat from roasting pans. Immediately add 1/2 cup water to each pan, scraping up brown bits, and add to stockpot or kettles. Bring liquid to a tremble, about 190°F., and cook at 190°F. (skim froth frequently during first hour of cooking) 12 to 14 hours.
- While stock is cooking, separately cut carrots, onions, and white and pale green parts of leeks into 1-inch pieces. In a bowl of cold water wash leeks well and lift from water into a colander to drain. In an oiled large shallow roasting pan arrange carrots, onions, and leeks in one layer and roast in middle of oven until golden brown, 20 to 30 minutes. Cool vegetables and chill, covered.
- Add roasted vegetables and remaining ingredients to stock during last 2 hours of cooking.
- Pour stock in batches through a large fine sieve into an 8-quart kettle and discard solids. Skim off fat. (Alternatively, cool stock, uncovered, and chill, covered. Scrape congealed fat from chilled stock.) Gently simmer stock, skimming froth occasionally, until reduced to about 2 quarts, about 1 hour. Cool stock, uncovered, and chill, covered. Stock keeps, covered and chilled, 1 week or, frozen in airtight containers, 3 months. If desired, pour cooled stock into ice-cube trays with 1-ounce cups and freeze. Frozen cubes keep in heavy-duty sealable plastic bags 3 months.
Provided by Alex Guarnaschelli
Yield about 8 to 10 cups stock
Number Of Ingredients 7
- A stock is something I make first thing when I have a day of cooking.
- Preheat the oven to 450 degrees F.
- Arrange the veal bones and scraps in a single layer on 2 or 3 baking sheets lined with foil. Put the trays in the oven and cook until the bones brown, 1 to 1 1/2 hours.
- Heat a large skillet and add 1 tablespoon of the oil. When it begins to smoke lightly, add the 2 skin-on onion halves, cut side down. We want them to turn black. Combine the remaining sliced onion, carrots and celery. When the flesh part of the onion halves turn black, remove them from the pan. Add the remaining 1 tablespoon of oil and stir in the vegetables. Season with salt and cook, stirring from time to time, until the vegetables soften, about 5 to 8 minutes.
- When the bones are roasted and browned, drain off any excess grease and add to a large pot. Cover with cold water, (warm water makes a cloudy stock) and bring to a boil over high heat. Lower the heat and use a ladle to skim any foam or impurities from the top. Add the vegetables, the cheesecloth containing the thyme, bay leaves and black peppercorns and the black onion halves (which will add flavor and enrich the color). Stir in a pinch of salt, then reduce the heat to a simmer and cook for 6 to 8 hours.
- Shut the off the heat and allow the stock to rest. Taste it! If it tastes watery or has an undeveloped flavor, cook it longer! I have made stock that has taken 12 to 16 hours to come to fruition.
- Strain the stock and return it to the pot. Gently simmer the stock over low to medium heat to reduce and intensify the flavors. Use a ladle to skim any impurities as the stock reduces. Cool and use immediately or freeze for later use.
BASIC BROWN STOCK
- Roast bones and vegetables Heat oven to 400°F. Arrange bones and beef in a single layer in a large heavy roasting pan. Drizzle with the oil and turn to coat. Roast, turning once and stirring often for even browning, until beginning to brown, about 45 minutes. Remove from oven, add tomato paste, and stir to combine. Cook over medium heat for about 30 seconds (to let it brown a little, which cooks out some of the acidity and intensifies the sweetness), then add vegetables, stirring well. Return to oven and roast until vegetables are browned and tender and bones are deeply browned, about 40 minutes.
- Deglaze pan Transfer bones and vegetables to a large stockpot, then spoon off fat from roasting pan and discard. Set the pan over two burners. Add the water or wine and bring to a boil, scraping up any brown bits from bottom with a wooden spoon fig. 1.1, boil until liquid is reduced by half, about 3 minutes. Pour everything into the stockpot.
- Make stock Add enough water (about 6 quarts) to stockpot to cover bones and vegetables by 2 inches. Bring to just under a boil, then reduce heat to a bare simmer (bubbles should just gently break at the surface). Add herbs and peppercorns and very gently simmer, uncovered, over low heat for 8 hours, adding more water as necessary to keep everything submerged.
- Strain stock Carefully pour stock through a fine sieve (do not press on solids) into a large heatproof bowl or another stockpot and discard solids. Stock will be dark brown. Skim off fat if using immediately, or let cool completely (in an ice-water bath, if desired) before transferring to airtight containers. Refrigerate at least 8 hours to allow the fat to accumulate at the top; lift off and discard fat before using or storing. Brown stock and its variations can be refrigerated for up to 3 days or frozen for up to 3 months; thaw completely in the refrigerator before using.
- BROWN CHICKEN STOCK
- Follow the above recipe to roast the flavor base and deglaze the pan using 5 pounds chicken parts (backs, necks, and wings) in place of veal and beef; omit garlic and use only 1 tablespoon tomato paste. Then make stock, adding enough water to cover everything by about 1 inch (about 3 quarts). Bring to a boil, then reduce heat to a gentle simmer. Add 1 dried bay leaf and 1 teaspoon peppercorns and cook 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 hours, skimming surface frequently. Strain, chill, and store as directed above. Makes 2 1/2 quarts.
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Top Asked Questions
How to cook veal stock in oven?Directions A stock is something I make first thing when I have a day of cooking. Preheat the oven to 450 degrees F. Arrange the veal bones and scraps in a single layer on 2 or 3 baking sheets lined with foil. Put the trays in the oven and cook until the bones brown, 1 to 1 1/2 hours. Heat a large skillet and add 1 tablespoon of the oil.
What can I add to brown veal stock?Be sure to deglaze the roasting tray with a splash of wine and scrape off all of the caramelised bits to add to the stock pot– don’t waste this extra flavour! The traditional vegetables added to brown veal stock are a mirepoix of onion, celery, leek and carrot.
What is the difference between white veal and brown veal stock?White veal stock sees the bones and vegetables simmered without any pre-roasting, giving it a more delicate flavoured stock and paler colour. Brown veal stock, on the other hand, sees the bones and vegetables roasted first before simmering down with water for a deeper flavour and colour.
How to make brown stock for Soup?How to make brown stock for all your favorite soups, stews and sauces. Preheat the oven to 450° F. Place the bones in a roasting pan and roast for 1 hour. Remove the bones from the oven and brush with the tomato paste. In a mixing bowl, combine the onions, carrots, and celery together. Lay the vegetables over the bones and return to the oven.