KHORESH-E GHORMEH SABZI (PERSIAN HERB, BEAN AND LAMB STEW)
There are three essential elements to this khoresh, or stew, which is often called Iran's national dish. First, the sweet, pungent flavor of dried or fresh fenugreek leaves defines the stew, which simply isn't the same without it. Likewise, Omani limes (also known as dried Persian limes) add a distinct aged sourness that is vital to the dish. Finally, the classic Persian technique of sautéing a mountain of finely minced herbs lends character and complexity to the foundation of the stew. Don't be afraid to really cook down the herbs until quite dark and dry; this step is essential to concentrate their flavor.
Provided by Samin Nosrat
Categories meat, soups and stews, main course
Yield 6 to 8 servings
Number Of Ingredients 15
- In a medium bowl, season the meat with turmeric, 2 teaspoons salt and 1/2 teaspoon pepper. Set aside.
- Rinse the beans and place in a medium bowl with 1 cup water and a generous pinch of salt. Set aside to soak for 30 minutes.
- In the meantime, place a large Dutch oven or similar pot over medium-high heat. Add 3 tablespoons oil. When it shimmers, add meat and cook, turning regularly so that it browns evenly on all sides, about 15 minutes. Once the meat has browned, move it to the edges of the pot and add the onion to the center of the pot, along with a generous pinch of salt. Cook, stirring regularly, until the onion begins to soften and turn brown, 8 to 10 minutes.
- Drain the beans and add to the pot, stirring to combine everything and coat the beans with oil. Add 4 cups water, increase heat to high and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover pot and simmer for 2 hours.
- In the meantime, prepare the herbs: Wash parsley and cilantro, then use a salad spinner to dry very well. Remove and discard the tough stems. Chop the leaves and tender stems very, very finely, or feel free to use a food processor to get these herbs as finely chopped as possible. The more finely chopped the herbs, the more green and unctuous the ghormeh sabzi will be.
- Separately chop the chives and entire bunch of scallions (including the green tops) as finely as possible by hand. These, too, must be very finely chopped - nearly minced - but they will turn to mush in a food processor and thus should be chopped by hand.
- Set a large frying pan over medium heat. When the pan is hot, add the remaining 1/4 cup oil and the scallion-chive mixture. Allow to wilt, stirring constantly, for about 2 minutes, then add remaining chopped herbs and fenugreek leaves, crushing the fenugreek leaves between your fingers as you add them. Cook, stirring continuously, until the herbs are wilted and very dark green - but not burned - and they give off a bright green oil when pressed with a spoon, 18 to 20 minutes. This step is crucial to the flavor and color of the stew. You'll know the herbs are ready when they feel dry and emit a strong, savory aroma.
- When the meat has cooked for 2 hours, add the cooked herb mixture, Omani limes and 1/2 cup water. Season with salt and bring to a boil. Reduce heat, cover pot, and simmer for another hour. Check on the limes occasionally to make sure they are submerged in the stew but not falling apart. Gently push them into the stew if they're still floating after 20 minutes.
- As the stew nears the 3-hour mark, remove the lid and check the meat; it should be very tender. If the ghormeh sabzi seems a little watery, leave it uncovered for the last 20 minutes of cooking and allow to reduce into a thick stew. Taste and adjust the seasoning with salt and pepper. If the stew needs a little acidity, juice a lime into the stew through a sieve by pressing down on it with a spoon (avoid letting the seeds through the sieve, as they can be bitter). Set aside. Taste the stew and continue adding more lime juice until the stew is sufficiently tangy. Stir in the saffron. The stew should be a very deep, dark shade of green and quite thick when done. Return dried limes into the stew to serve.
- Serve hot with Persian rice and mast-o khiar.
KHORESHT-E HULU (PERSIAN PEACH STEW)
This deliciously spiced sweet-and sour stew was adapted from "Persian Cooking for a Healthy Kitchen" By Najmieh Batmanglij. The original recipe calls for firm, unripe peaches and saffron. I had none and substituted nectarines/omitted the saffron and it still came out great.
Provided by Sephardi Kitchen
Yield 4 serving(s)
Number Of Ingredients 13
- Trim fat and skin from chicken and chop into bite-sized pieces. Heat in a nonstick pan until lightly browned. Add the olive oil and onions. Cook over medium heat until the onion is transluscent. Add rosewater, cardamom, cumin, cinnamon and salt/pepper to taste. Add 1 cup water and stir. Cover and simmer over low heat for about 30 minutes, stirring occasionally.
- Mix the lime juice, sugar and saffron (if using) and stir into the chicken. Cover and simmer 30-45 minutes longer.
- Wash the peaches or nectarines. Remove pits and cut into small wedges. Carefully stir into the chicken, cover and simmer 20-30 minutes longer.
- Taste and adjust the seasoning. Serve hot with steamed long-grain or basmati rice.
KHORESH KARAFS (PERSIAN CELERY STEW WITH LAMB)
Most types of Iranian stew, known as khoresh or sometimes spelled khoresht, take hours to prepare and yet more hours to cook. Not this one. Karafs means celery, so here a whole head of crunchy, pale green stalks and two bunches of herbs simmer alongside lamb (or beef) for just under an hour. The sweet flavor of caramelized onions provides the base note to a funky green broth tarted up with lime and lemon. Seasoned with turmeric and saffron, the stew takes on a golden hue. A shallot, sliced and fried until crisp, makes a fine garnish, but is optional. Not optional: a side of buttery steamed rice.
Provided by Daniela Galarza
Categories dinner, soups and stews, main course
Yield 6 servings
Number Of Ingredients 18
- Trim or break off thicker parts of the parsley stems and pull mint sprigs and larger leaves from their stems. Discard stems or reserve for another use. Pluck a small handful of leaves and tender sprigs from parsley and mint and set aside for garnish. Chop remaining herbs.
- In a large Dutch oven or pot, heat 1/4 cup oil over medium-high. Season lamb with turmeric, 1 1/2 teaspoons salt and 1/2 teaspoon pepper. Add lamb, onion and garlic, and cook, stirring occasionally, until onions start to caramelize and lamb is evenly browned, about 10 minutes. Add 2 cups water, cover and simmer over medium-low heat for 20 minutes.
- While the lamb simmers, cook the celery: In a skillet, heat the remaining 1/4 cup oil with the butter over medium-high. Once butter foams, add celery, season with salt and pepper and cook, stirring frequently, for 3 minutes. Add chopped parsley and mint, and cook, stirring occasionally, until celery just starts to caramelize, about 8 minutes.
- Add celery and herbs to the Dutch oven, along with lemon juice, lime juice and saffron. Cover, leaving lid slightly ajar, and simmer on low heat until lamb is tender, about 30 minutes.
- While stew cooks, make the fried shallots, if desired: Line a small plate with a paper towel. In a small bowl, sprinkle flour over sliced shallots and toss with a fork. Heat canola oil in a small saucepan or skillet over medium-high until it shimmers slightly, about 1 minute. Fry shallots in oil, flipping once or twice so they cook evenly, until golden brown and crisp, 1 to 2 minutes. Remove from oil with a fork, season with a pinch of salt and let drain on paper towel-lined plate until stew is ready.
- Taste stew. Broth should be tart, but balanced. Celery and lamb should be tender but hold their shape. Season to taste with additional salt and pepper. Garnish with reserved herbs and fried shallots. Serve with chelo (Persian-style steamed rice) or buttered, steamed white rice. Stew can be made up to 2 days in advance.
KHORESHT FESENJAN - PERSIAN POMEGRANATE AND WALNUT STEW
A rich and delicious Iranian stew that is very special! It's not the most appealing dish; however, it tastes fantastic. If desired, pomegranate seeds can be added for flavor and presentation. From My Persian Kitchen.
Provided by Barbell Bunny
Yield 4 serving(s)
Number Of Ingredients 8
- Toast the walnuts, but make sure they don't burn! Then, cool them on a baking sheet.
- Add the walnuts to a food processor and grind them into a fine texture.
- In a large pot, saute the onion until translucent over medium heat.
- Season the chicken with salt and pepper, then add to onion and cook a few minutes.
- Turn chicken pieces after a few minutes.
- Add bay leaves and 1/2 cup water. Cover and cook 30 minutes.
- Place another pot over medium heat and add 1 tablespoon of flour. Toast it lightly.
- Add 2 cups of water and mix well until lumps disappear.
- Add ground walnuts to the flour-water and stir until water and walnuts are thoroughly mixed. Turn heat to low.
- Make sure you watch your walnuts. As the mixture thickens, it can easily burn.
- Once you see a layer of oil forming on top and bubbling, add pomegranate concentrate and mix well. Season with salt.
- If you find the stew to be too tart, add sugar (teaspoons at a time) until desired taste.
- Add chicken pieces, making sure each piece is submerged in the stew. Cook a few minutes longer so the flavors incorporate and chicken warms through.
- Serve over basmati rice.
Nutrition Facts : Calories 1180.6, Fat 105, SaturatedFat 15.4, Cholesterol 157.9, Sodium 149.1, Carbohydrate 20.3, Fiber 8.3, Sugar 4.2, Protein 50.7
PERSIAN CELERY STEW WITH MUSHROOMS (KHORESH-E KARAFS)
This braise is traditionally made with lamb, but has been replaced here with cremini mushrooms to create a vegetarian version.
Provided by Najmieh Batmanglij
Yield 6 servings
Number Of Ingredients 15
- Heat the oil in a medium-sized, heavy-bottomed pot over high heat. Add the mushrooms and sauté for 5 minutes. Add the celery, onion, garlic, and jalapeño and sauté for 10 minutes. Add the salt and pepper, and give it a stir.
- Add the water and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to medium, cover, and simmer for 40 minutes.
- Add the saffron, lime juice, parsley, mint, and fenugreek, and give it a stir. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover, and simmer for another 5 minutes or until the celery is tender.
- Adjust seasoning to taste and keep warm until ready to serve.
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